Forelesning ved Elizabeth Watts onsdag 22. januar 2014
From the Midwest to the Mediterranean: Crossing and Questioning Archaeological Boundaries
The late pre-prehistoric Mississippian culture (AD 1050-1500) of the Midwest and Southeastern United States was the most expansive socially and politically complex Native American culture in North America. However, very little is known about the actors and agents responsible for the rapid development and spread of Mississippian culture throughout the Eastern U.S., the identitie(s) of the founders of large Mississippian cities and mound centers such as Cahokia (the largest) in Illinois and Angel in Southwestern Indiana, and importantly here, archaeologists still lack a clear understanding of the daily practices of Late Woodland culture groups (AD 400- ~1000), the predecessors and/or neighbors of expanding Mississippian populations. My dissertation research focuses on better understanding the Late Woodland Yankeetown phase (AD 700-1265) through exploring changes and transitions in settlement patterns and community and household organization as Yankeetown and Mississippian groups continued to cohabitate the same landscape in Southwestern Indiana long after the dramatic pan-regional shift to Mississippian lifeways.
Crossing geographic and disciplinary boundaries, in the summer of 2012, I joined the Norwegian Archaeological Survey of the Karystia project in southern Euboea. My journey from the Midwest to the Mediterranean was predicated upon expanding my repertoire to different survey methods and ceramic analyses for technologically and materially similar cultures in a chronologically and geographically dissimilar area. My experience lead to my questioning of the disciplinary, theoretical and cultural boundaries that archaeologists apply on a regular basis in order to understand peoples of the past. This research focuses on investigating how archaeological methods arbitrarily define and bound prehistoric cultures and archaeological sites and how these created boundaries may obscure a full understanding of past societies’ interactions with other groups, movements and relationships with the landscape.
Forelesning ved Dimitris Plantzos torsdag 13. mars 2014 kl. 19.00
Hellas mon amour: Greek Museum as National «Sites of Trauma»
If “the past is a foreign country”, then Greece’s classical past could be described – and it has been – as an ideal, as well as idyllic land, colonized by the West. This paper employs post-colonial theory combined with discussions of trauma as a historical agent in order to investigate ways in which contemporary Greek museums strive to attract the colonial gaze by re-claiming ownership of the nation’s (neo)classical past; at the same time, however, this exercise may be seen as an effort to alleviate the pains of modernity as experienced by a people who has never overcome the trauma of its separation from its famed antiquity. As a result, Greek archaeological spaces – both museums and sites – can be described as “sites of trauma”, as the place-scapes where the unlived experiences of an imagined past become revived.
Dimitris Plantzos is a classical archaeologist, educated at Athens and Lincoln College, Oxford. His research focuses primarily on Greek art, archaeological theory, and modern receptions of classical antiquity. His publications include: Hellenistic Engraved Gems(Oxford, OUP 1999); the Greek-language textbook Greek Art and Archaeology (Athens, Kapon 2011); and the edited volumes A Singular Antiquity: Archaeology and Hellenic Identity in 20th-c. Greece (Athens, Benaki 2008; with D. Damaskos) and A Companion to Greek Art(Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell 2012; with T.J. Smith). This year will see the publication of his new book on archaeological theory, titledArchaeologies of the Classical: Revising the Empiricist Canon (in Greek, by Eikostos Protos Editions). Formerly a Curator at the Museum of Cycladic Art, he now teaches classical archaeology at the Department of History and Archaeology, University of Athens and is co-director of the Argos Orestikon Excavation (Kastoria, Greece).
Forelesning ved Nicholas Blackwell onsdag 30. april 2014 kl. 19.00
Hoarding Metal in the Aegean and Cypriot Late Bronze Age
Prehistoric hoards from the Mediterranean have not received the same attention as their counterparts in northern Europe, as metal assemblages in the latter region dwarf those of the Mediterranean. Hoarding metal, however, is a phenomenon well attested throughout the Middle and Late Bronze Age Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean; more than 90 metal hoards are known from second millennium contexts in these areas.
This talk considers an overlooked feature of the Late Bronze Age Aegean and Cypriot hoards, namely the penchant for stockpiling tools. Contrary to most assessments, these caches are complex, their composition dictated by multiple factors that cast doubt on singular explanations for hoarding behavior. The assortment of tools in many assemblages, including variations of the same implement, represents an organizing principle indicative of deliberate collection. Furthermore, intentional subsets within hoards are distinguished through statistical probing and these patterns seem to reflect tool kits. The talk moves beyond blanket characterizations of Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean hoards by evaluating structural complexities (e.g., tool patterns) within metal groupings, even those thought to have been formed haphazardly.
Forelesning ved Kostas Kotsakis mandag 5. mai 2014 kl. 19.00
Paliambela Kolindros, a Neolithic Site in Northern Greece
The neolithic site of Paliambela Kolindros was discovered in the 1980s. The Aristotle University started excavations there in 2000, with the aim of understanding the history of the settlement and site formation. Subsequent research on the site revealed that it had a long biography, starting from the Early down to the Final Neolithic, with significant changes in space organization. The settlement was initially established as clusters of pits, which during the Middle Neolithic gave way to groups of regularly spaced rectangular houses, adjacent to open courtyards, possibly defined by a network of deep ditches. During the Late Neolithic the arrangement of the settlement changed again, with the construction of two concentric stone perimeter walls, encircling the central part of the settlement, while the ditches were abandoned and filled up with deposit.
The Paliambela Kolindros excavations offer a wealth of new information on the Neolithic of Northern Greece. In this talk the different aspects of the Paliambela Kolindros project will be presented in the context of the Neolithic of the wider region.
Det Norske institutt i Athens årsmøte – 15. mai 2014
Professor Panos Dimas, bestyrer ved Det Norske Institutt i Athen, vil informere om instituttets virksomhet i 2013.
Dr. Knut Ødegørd, førsteamanuensis ved Institutt for arkeologi, konservering, og historie ved Universitetet i Oslo, vil holde følgende foredrag:
Tegea: The Birth, Life, and Death of an Ancient City
Etter årsmøtet inviterer vi til en mottagelse på Det Norske Institutt i Athen, Tsami Karatasou 5, 5. etasje.
Forelesning ved Hilde Vinje tirsdag 16. september 2014 kl. 19.00
The Beauty of Failure: Hamartia in Aristotle’s Poetics
Den beste tragedien handler om en person som verken er plettfritt eller moralsk fordervet, skriver Aristoteles i Om diktekunsten. Tragedien skal derimot gi en fremstilling av et menneske som står imellom disse, og han skal oppleve et ulykkelig fall som følge av en «feil» – på gresk: hamartia.
Det er tydelig at hamartia er årsaken til den tragiske heltens ulykke. Men Aristoteles forklarer ikke hva han mener med begrepet, og viktige spørsmål om handlingsforløpet forblir ubesvarte. Hva slags «feil» har Aristoteles i tankene? I hvilken grad er helten ansvarlig for sin egen ulykke, hvis han i det hele tatt er det? Kort sagt: Hvordan skal vi forstå hamartia?
Moderne filologer og filosofer hevder gjerne at hamartia forklares best som en feilvurdering gjort på bakgrunn av mangelfull informasjon. Tidligere var det derimot tradisjon for å forstå hamartia som en «karakterbrist», slik at begrepet ble sett på som en moralsk svikt. I dette foredraget gir jeg et forsvar for sistnevnte tolkning, og argumenterer at den tragiske heltens ulykke springer ut av en karaktersvakhet.
Forelesning ved P. Stuart Robinson mandag 27. oktober 2014 kl. 19.00
The Nations and Democrats of Ancient Greece in the Popular and Scholarly Imagination
Dominant political institutions are partly sustained by our beliefs, especially those more or less unquestioned articles of faith that have become paradigmatic. Hence the great founding myths of Western political practice constitute some of its most important sustaining conditions. Even a brief acquaintance with either the field of political science, or the day-to-day political rhetoric of Western governments, will demonstrate the centrality of Ancient Greece and especially the city of Athens to such founding myths: (i) the model of (and inspiration for) democracy provided by Athens at the height of the classical period; (ii) the conception of the Greek city-states as comprising a kind of protean international system based, in particular, on the interpretation of the work of the historian Thucydides; (iii) the contradictory and anachronistic notion of the same collection of city-states constituting an embryonic Greek nation. Each of these founding myths reflects an essentially Aristotelian understanding of human nature as conditioning historical continuity and sharply curtailing the possibilities of emancipatory social change. Hence the connections most typically drawn between the ancient and modern worlds leave a profoundly conservative imprint on our social and political lives.
Forelesning ved Marina Ugarković fredag 7. november 2014 kl. 19.00
Necropoleis of Issa: Observations on 4th and 3rd Century BCE Burial Practices and Cultural Interaction in Dalmatia (Eastern Adriatic)
Numerous scholars have attempted to study the various facets of cultural development within the Greek αποικίες (colonies) that had been established around the Mediterranean and Black seas. And yet, up until recently the area of the central Eastern Adriatic drew a blank in most of the publications that dealt with Greeks abroad. In an attempt to fill in some of these gaps, this lecture will infer on the analysis of material remains from 4th and 3rd c. BCE burial practices at Issa, a Greek settlement on the island of Vis in Central Dalmatia, a small, but regionally prominent Greek polis, established in the Late Classical period. Ancient sources connect this event with the activities of Dionysius the Elder, the ruler of Syracuse in Sicily, and regard Issa as a Syracusean settlement. Issa was one of the latest (if not the latest) Greek settlements founded in the Western Mediterranean. This polis lived its heyday during the Hellenistic period, and, unfortunately, only rescue archaeological excavations have been made on the Issean necropoleis, Martvilo and Vlaška njiva, located on the SW and NE outskirts of the city wall. These are, indeed, the only discovered burial grounds of Greek settlements in this region. By examining the available material remains of these burials, the layers of Issean cultural identities, drawn from various cultural interactions, are emerging. In an attempt to establish material connections with Syracuse on one side, and gain more knowledge about the local response to Greek settlement on this island on the other, we are building up insight into the acculturation processes of the inhabitants of the island of Vis, and the cultural meanings of “Issean”.
Forelesning ved Efi Oikonomou torsdag 18. desember 2014 kl. 19.00
Reflections on the Iconography of Burial Monuments of Ancient Macedonia
The only preserved examples of monumental painting from antiquity are the iconographic groups discovered in the burial monuments of Macedonia. These monuments range from the simple cist graves to the more elaborate Macedonian tombs. The combination of architectural elements that led to the creation of the so-called type of the “Macedonian tomb” will be presented, but the lecture will mainly be focused on the iconographic themes of the funerary buildings, which are classified into four broad categories: a) The world of gods, b) The world of myth, c) The world of humans and d) Decorative motifs. The selection of iconographic circles varies throughout the period from the 4th to the 2nd century B.C. Representations promoting the noble life of the 4th century are no longer dominant and are replaced by images of warriors and military equipment in the 3rd and 2nd century B.C., suggesting the undergoing political and social changes in Macedonia.
The monumental burial painting is of utmost significance, since it constitutes a basic source of information concerning the Macedonian society during a period that coincides with the rise and fall of the Macedonian kingdom. The iconographic themes are interpreted as a means of communication revealing the identity of the deceased, within the context of the changing notions and structures of the Macedonian society. These changes were imposed by the rapid political developments that led to the expansion of the Macedonian domination.