Forelesning ved Maria Chidiroglou fredag 27. februar 2015 kl. 19.00
Artefacts from Euboea in the National Archaeological Museum at Athens: An Exploration of the Early Excavation Finds Per Context
In the excavations conducted on Euboea by Chr. Tsountas from 1885 to 1886, K. Kourouniotis from 1897 to 1917 and G.A. Papavassileiou from 1902 to 1908, sculptures, vases and metal artefacts dating from the Geometric to the Roman period were found. A large number of these finds are housed in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. A study of the finds per type, site and context reveals some interesting information about the main ancient Euboean cities of Chalkis, Eretria, Karystos and Histiaia/Oreos and the commercial, cultic and political networks they participated in. A selection of Attic and Euboean black and red-figure vases, terracotta figurines, bronze and lead objects, dating from the Archaic to late Hellenistic times and found mainly in Euboean cemeteries, will be presented in this paper, together with archival information that in many cases can be shown to lead to a preliminary reconstruction of grave assemblages.
The presentation will contain mention of literary and inscriptional sources about Euboea, through the study of which we will attempt to explore aspects of the topography of Euboean sites in combination with the information gathered from the finds, as well as from more recent research results. Finally, a short overview of some standard iconographic vase- and terracotta-motifs used in various periods by the social and political elites of the Euboean cities Eretria, Chalkis and Karystos, often combined with Athenian imports and influences, will be added, together with information on the local cults and mythical traditions attested for this island.
Forelesning ved Avra Sidiropoulou torsdag 2. april 2015 kl. 19.00
Henrik Ibsen’s and Jon Fosse’s Mental Landscapes: Myth, Allegory and Symbolism in «The Lady from the Sea» and «Someone is Going to Come»
Norway’s world-famous contemporary playwright Jon Fosse has often been compared to Henrik Ibsen, no less because of the two dramatists’ common emphasis on the Nordic physical landscape as a mirror of dramatic characters’ inner being. In Ibsen’s A Lady from the Sea (1888) and in Fosse’s Someone is Going to Come (1996), in particular, characters and actions—generated within specific geographical and cultural co-ordinates—rise to the level of archetypes and become imbued with timeless significance.
This lecture traces a continuum from the Modernist Ibsen to Fosse’s postmodern écriture in so far as the authors’ treatment of psychology, structure and landscape helps expose thematic motifs, which in turn may account for similar patterns of staging. The markedly schematic representation of existential dread in both plays brings out strong visual conceits, which are uncannily similar, to the effect that one cannot really read or direct Fosse without making a mental note of Ibsen’s drama. Myth and allegory are projected against a background defined by the ocean and unfamiliar horizons. From the point-of-view of a theatre director, decoding the plays’ intensely symbolic activity and imagistic identity becomes primarily an immersive experience in the Nordic landscape –of both nature and the mind.
Avra Sidiropoulou is a lecturer at the Open University of Cyprus, where she is currently the academic head of the graduate program in Theatre Studies. She holds a PhD degree in Directing Theory (Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece), an M.F.A. in Directing (Columbia University), an MPhil in American Literature (Cambridge University) and an M.A. in Text and Performance (King’s College London). Being the artistic director of Athens-based Persona Theatre Company, she has directed works from the classical and the contemporary repertory and conducted directing workshops in countries as varied as Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, the United States, the U.K, Bulgaria, Iran, Israel and Estonia. Her theatre company has received state subsidy and funding from several private foundations, as well as the E.U.
Avra’s main areas of scholarly specialization include the theatre of the director-auteur, adaptation and the ethics of directing and theory of theatre practice. She taught directing, acting, theatre history and theory at the University of Peloponnese (Greece), the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (Greece) and Bosphorus University in Istanbul (Turkey), as well as in various drama conservatoires. She has also contributed articles to international peer reviewed journals and chapters to international edited volumes.
Her monograph Authoring Performance: The Director in Contemporary Theatre was published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2011.
Forelesning ved professor Ingvar Mæhle fredag 20. mars kl. 19.00
Patronage in Ancient Sparta
The ideology of the Spartan homoioi, the “equals”, or rather the “similars” masked vast differences in wealth, prestige and power. In such circumstances, as decades of anthropological investigations have shown us, personal patronage thrives. Yet, patronage is most commonly associated with Rome, despite the demonstration by several scholars that patron-client relationships did indeed play a role even in democratic Athens, a society before thought exempt from the universal laws of reciprocity.
In this lecture I discuss the role of personal patronage in classical Sparta, and the differences between unequal reciprocity in the society of the “similars” compared to democratic Athens and Republican Rome. I build on the findings of Stephen Hodkinson (Sparta), Rachel, Zelnick-Abramovitz (Athens), as well as my own research into patronage in the Roman Republic and the comparative structure of Athenian patronage, in order to demonstrate how patronage was a natural part of all ancient societies. Different systems allow different scope and venues to patronage, forcing the phenomenon to adapt to various circumstances. This changes the rates of exchange between patron and client, but does not abolish the institution (as claimed by Paul Millet).
Forelesning ved Christos Koutsothanasis torsdag 7. mai kl. 19.00
Protecting Cultural Heritage from Looting and Illicit Trafficking: The Case of Greece
This lecture presents Greece’s efforts in combating the illicit trafficking of cultural goods. We begin with an overview of the problem, addressing both “internal” and “external” factors affecting the issue, along with their effects and consequences. I also introduce the national and international legal framework within which Greece is operating.
Following this, the means and tools that Greece is using in the struggle for the restriction of the illegal trade of antiquities are presented. The most important of these is exhaustive documentation in directories, records and archives, in forms that allow the structured classification and cross checking of information. Another tool is the proper use of relevant international on-line databases and communication platforms that diffuse information. Equally important is the constant and thorough checking of private and museum collections and the art market, mainly through auctions monitoring. The above are the most common ways of locating illegally exported cultural goods and the first and most crucial steps for their reclamation.
I also describe different forms of cooperation in the fight against illegal trafficking, such as among law enforcement services (police, coast guard), judicial and consular authorities, customs, and other national and international organizations. Finally, we examine several cases of restitutions and repatriations of cultural goods including request of antiquities illegally exported during World War II and the Parthenon sculptures.
Forelesning ved Christopher Prescott mandag 21. september 2015 kl. 19.00
Excavations in Skrivarhelleren in Sogn (Norway) – challenging notions of center and periphery in Scandinavia.
The Skrivarhelleren rock shelter site, excavated in the late 1980s and again in 2013-15, embodies the variation inherent to the Bronze Age – a variation perhaps not fully accounted for in research discourse. Located in a mountain valley 800 masl in Sogn, western Norway, this site is geographically peripheral to both northern and southern Scandinavian Bronze Age traditions. Situated in the uplands of the Scandinavian interior, it lies along E-W thoroughfares, and is also readily accessed by maritime routes through the Sognefjorden. Located in the rich upland terrestrial hunting grounds, it also provides access to seasonal pastures. And perhaps most enigmatically; it is situated in a region with rich copper deposits.
With cultural deposits from the mid third millennium up to 100 AD, the cultural expression is no less fascinating. The osteological data demonstrates a strategy of hunting (for food, pelts, furs and antler), but also the oldest assemblage of domesticated species in Norway – as well as cereals from the Late Neolithic. Though in the mountains, marine species (mammals, shellfish, and seaweed) are a significant element. Lithic tools (largely non-flint materials) are the most readily identified archaeological element, but the site has also yielded 5-6 bronze objects, moulds and represents to date the oldest in situ evidence of casting in the Nordic region. The cultural expression is strongly related to the Nordic Bronze Age and wider European trade networks. Yet, the shelter offers the best dated sequence of asbestos-tempered Risvik ceramics in Scandinavia.
This paper charts the cultural expression identified in the Skrivarhelleren data from the Late Neolithic transition into the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By charting and discussing changing and dynamic relations through time, we hope to expand the discursive frames of Bronze Age research in Scandinavia.
Forelesning ved Marianne Hem Eriksen torsdag 12. november 2015 kl. 19.00
Viking Foodways: Consumption, Space, and the Household in Norway, c. 550-1050 CE
Foodways and consumption practices may not be the first thing that springs to mind when we think of the notorious Vikings of Scandinavia. Yet, preparation and consumption of food and drink, and their social, political, and ritual connotations, have become prominent topics of research in several strands of prehistoric archaeology. The production and consumption of food are pivotal social practices, also in the Viking Age, related to economy, social stratification, and the system of gift exchange between petty kings and their warrior-bands.
The diet of the Vikings has recently been illuminated through scientific methods, mainly stable isotope analyses, and these methods have successfully been used to examine not only diet but also migration patterns and others. Food practices clearly also have a spatial component; for instance, aristocratic Viking halls are intimately linked with conspicuous consumption and feasts of political and ritual nature. In regular households, as well, consumption practices are intertwined with many other social aspects of dwelling: gender roles, seasonal feasts and celebrations, ritualized intoxication, and social differentiation, e.g. dietary differences between house owners and slaves.
In this talk, I will draw on a new study of houses and households in Viking-Age Norway to discuss the role food practices played in socio-political and ritual processes of the Viking Age.